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27 April 2016 Fibre Bragg gratings fabrication in four core fibres
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Due to the limitation of the lens effect of the optical fibre and the inhomogeneity of the laser fluence on different cores, it is still challenging to controllably inscribe different fibre Bragg gratings (FBGs) in multicore fibres. In this article, we reported the FBG inscription in four core fibres (FCFs), whose cores are arranged in the corners of a square lattice. By investigating the influence of different inscription conditions during inscription, different results, such as simultaneous inscription of all cores, selectively inscription of individual or two cores, and even double scanning in perpendicular core couples by diagonal, are achieved. The phase mask scanning method, consisting of a 244nm Argon-ion frequencydoubled laser, air-bearing linear transfer stage and cylindrical lens and mirror setup, is used to precisely control the grating inscription in FCFs. The influence of three factors is systematically investigated to overcome the limitations, and they are the defocusing length between the cylindrical lens and the bare fibre, the rotation geometry of the fibre to the irritation beam, and the relative position of the fibre in the vertical direction of the laser beam.
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Changle Wang, Zhijun Yan, Qizhen Sun, Zhongyuan Sun, Chengbo Mou, Junxi Zhang, Abdulyezir Badmos, and Lin Zhang "Fibre Bragg gratings fabrication in four core fibres", Proc. SPIE 9886, Micro-Structured and Specialty Optical Fibres IV, 98860H (27 April 2016);

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