27 April 2016 Effects in ultrafast laser micromachining PMMA-based optical fibre grating
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Abstract
Ultrafast laser owns extreme small beam size and high pulse intensity which enable spatial localised modification either on the surface or in the bulk of materials. Therefore, ultrafast laser has been widely used to micromachine optical fibres to alter optical structures. In order to do the precise control of the micromachining process to achieve the desired structure and modification, investigations on laser parameters control should be carried out to make better understanding of the effects in the laser micromachining process. These responses are important to laser machining, most of which are usually unknown during the process. In this work, we report the real time monitored results of the reflection of PMMA based optical fibre Bragg gratings (POFBGs) during excimer ultraviolet laser micromachining process. Photochemical and thermal effects have been observed during the process. The UV radiation was absorbed by the PMMA material, which consequently induced the modifications in both spatial structure and material properties of the POFBG. The POFBG showed a significant wavelength blue shift during laser micromachining. Part of it attributed to UV absorption converted thermal energy whilst the other did not disappear after POFBG cooling off, which attributed to UV induced photodegradation in POF.
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Chen Liu, Chen Liu, Xianfeng Chen, Xianfeng Chen, Marcos R. Cardoso, Marcos R. Cardoso, Wei Zhang, Wei Zhang, David J. Webb, David J. Webb, } "Effects in ultrafast laser micromachining PMMA-based optical fibre grating", Proc. SPIE 9886, Micro-Structured and Specialty Optical Fibres IV, 98861O (27 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2230230; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2230230
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