27 April 2016 Investigation of temperature feedback signal parameters during neoplasms treatment by diode laser radiation
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Abstract
Dynamics of temperature signal in operation area and laser power at nevus, papilloma, and keratoma in vivo removal by a 980±10 nm diode laser with "blackened" tip operating in continuous (CW) mode and with temperature feedback (APC) mode are presented. Feedback allows maintaining temperature in the area of laser treatment at a preset level by regulating power of diode laser radiation (automatic power control). Temperature in the area of laser treatment was controlled by measuring the amplitude of thermal radiation, which occurs when tissue is heated by laser radiation. Removal of neoplasm was carried out in CW mode with laser radiation average power of 12.5±0.5 W; mean temperature in the area of laser treatment was 900±10°C for nevus, 800±15°C for papilloma, and 850±20°C for keratoma. The same laser radiation maximal power (12.5 W) and targeted temperature (900°C) were set for nevus removal in APC mode. The results of investigation are real time oscillograms of the laser power and temperature in the area of laser treatment at neoplasms removal in two described above modes. Simultaneously with the measurement of laser power and the temperature in the area of laser treatment video recording of surgeon manipulations was carried out. We discuss the correlation between the power of the laser radiation, the temperature in the area of laser treatment and consistency of surgeon manipulation. It is shown that the method of removal (excision with or without traction, scanning) influences the temperature in the area of laser treatment. It was found, that at removal of nevus with temperature feedback (APC) mode to achieve comparable with CW mode temperature in the area of laser treatment (900±10°C) 20-50% less laser power is required. Consequently, removing these neoplasms in temperature feedback mode can be less traumatic than the removal in CW mode.
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Andrey V. Belikov, Andrey V. Belikov, Mark L. Gelfond, Mark L. Gelfond, Ksenia V. Shatilova, Ksenia V. Shatilova, Yulia V. Semyashkina, Yulia V. Semyashkina, } "Investigation of temperature feedback signal parameters during neoplasms treatment by diode laser radiation", Proc. SPIE 9887, Biophotonics: Photonic Solutions for Better Health Care V, 98871B (27 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2227832; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2227832
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