27 April 2016 Laser nanostructuring 3-D bioconstruction based on carbon nanotubes in a water matrix of albumin
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3-D bioconstructions were created using the evaporation method of the water-albumin solution with carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by the continuous and pulsed femtosecond laser radiation. It is determined that the volume structure of the samples created by the femtosecond radiation has more cavities than the one created by the continuous radiation. The average diameter for multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) samples was almost two times higher (35-40 nm) than for single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) samples (20-30 nm). The most homogenous 3-D bioconstruction was formed from MWCNTs by the continuous laser radiation. The hardness of such samples totaled up to 370 MPa at the nanoscale. High strength properties and the resistance of the 3-D bioconstructions produced by the laser irradiation depend on the volume nanotubes scaffold forming inside them. The scaffold was formed by the electric field of the directed laser irradiation. The covalent bond energy between the nanotube carbon molecule and the oxygen of the bovine serum albumin aminoacid residue amounts 580 kJ/mol. The 3-D bioconstructions based on MWCNTs and SWCNTs becomes overgrown with the cells (fibroblasts) over the course of 72 hours. The samples based on the both types of CNTs are not toxic for the cells and don't change its normal composition and structure. Thus the 3-D bioconstructions that are nanostructured by the pulsed and continuous laser radiation can be applied as implant materials for the recovery of the connecting tissues of the living body.
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Alexander Yu. Gerasimenko, Alexander Yu. Gerasimenko, Levan P. Ichkitidze, Levan P. Ichkitidze, Vitaly M. Podgaetsky, Vitaly M. Podgaetsky, Mikhail S. Savelyev, Mikhail S. Savelyev, Sergey V. Selishchev, Sergey V. Selishchev, "Laser nanostructuring 3-D bioconstruction based on carbon nanotubes in a water matrix of albumin", Proc. SPIE 9887, Biophotonics: Photonic Solutions for Better Health Care V, 988725 (27 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2219929; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2219929

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