27 April 2016 Portable multiwavelength laser diode source for handheld photoacoustic devices
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Abstract
The ageing population faces today an increase of chronic diseases such as rheumatism/arthritis, cancer and cardio vascular diseases for which appropriate treatments based on a diagnosis at an early-stage of the disease are required. Some imaging techniques are already available in order to get structural information. Within the non-invasive group, ultrasound images are common in these fields of medicine. However, there is a need for a point-of-care device for imaging smaller structures such as blood vessels that cannot be observed with purely ultrasound based devices. Photoacoustics proved to be an attractive candidate. This novel imaging technique combines pulsed laser light for excitation of tissues and an ultrasound transducer as a receptor. Introduction of this technique into the clinic requires to drastically shrink the size and cost of the expensive and bulky nanosecond lasers generally used for light emission. In that context, demonstration of ultra-short pulse emission with highly efficient laser diodes in the near-infrared range has been performed by Quantel, France. A multi-wavelength laser source as small as a hand emitted more than 1 mJ per wavelength with four different wavelengths available in pulses of about 90 ns. Such a laser source can be integrated into high sensitivity photoacoustic handheld systems due to their outstanding electrical-to-optical efficiency of about 25 %. Further work continues to decrease the pulse length as low as 40 ns while increasing the pulse energy to 2 mJ.
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Celine Canal, Celine Canal, Arnaud Laugustin, Arnaud Laugustin, Andreas Kohl, Andreas Kohl, Olivier Rabot, Olivier Rabot, } "Portable multiwavelength laser diode source for handheld photoacoustic devices", Proc. SPIE 9887, Biophotonics: Photonic Solutions for Better Health Care V, 98872B (27 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2227107; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2227107
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