27 April 2016 Study of orthogonal polarization approximation for ordinary and extraordinary rays in ray tracing for uniaxial crystals
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Abstract
We study the assumption of orthogonal polarization for ordinary and extraordinary rays inside uniaxial crystals, using a closed-form expression for the angle between the polarizations. We highlight that orthogonality holds only when the crystal axis is rather coplanar to the ordinary and extraordinary wave vectors or orthogonal to the extraordinary wave vector, which are the same conditions for the extraordinary ray to stay in the plane of incidence. We show that in general the deviation from orthogonality is rather small, for it depends on the difference of the optical indices, and that negative and positive crystals have different behaviors. Using the paraxial approximation we derive expressions for the polarizations of rays and point out that even under the paraxial regime orthogonality does not hold. Specific examples for calcite and quartz are given.
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Luis A. Alemán-Castañeda, Luis A. Alemán-Castañeda, Martha Rosete-Aguilar, Martha Rosete-Aguilar, } "Study of orthogonal polarization approximation for ordinary and extraordinary rays in ray tracing for uniaxial crystals", Proc. SPIE 9889, Optical Modelling and Design IV, 98891Y (27 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2227900; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2227900
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