26 April 2016 Array-type miniature interferometer as the core optical microsystem of an optical coherence tomography device for tissue inspection
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Some of the critical limitations for widespread use in medical applications of optical devices, such as confocal or optical coherence tomography (OCT) systems, are related to their cost and large size. Indeed, although quite efficient systems are available on the market, e.g. in dermatology, they equip only a few hospitals and hence, are far from being used as an early detection tool, for instance in screening of patients for early detection of cancers. In this framework, the VIAMOS project aims at proposing a concept of miniaturized, batch-fabricated and lower-cost, OCT system dedicated to non-invasive skin inspection. In order to image a large skin area, the system is based on a full-field approach. Moreover, since it relies on micro-fabricated devices whose fields of view are limited, 16 small interferometers are arranged in a dense array to perform multi-channel simultaneous imaging. Gaps between each channel are then filled by scanning of the system followed by stitching. This approach allows imaging a large area without the need of large optics. It also avoids the use of very fast and often expensive laser sources, since instead of a single point detector, almost 250 thousands pixels are used simultaneously. The architecture is then based on an array of Mirau interferometers which are interesting for their vertical arrangement compatible with vertical assembly at the wafer-level. Each array is consequently a local part of a stack of seven wafers. This stack includes a glass lens doublet, an out-of-plane actuated micro-mirror for phase shifting, a spacer and a planar beam-splitter. Consequently, different materials, such as silicon and glass, are bonded together and well-aligned thanks to lithographic-based fabrication processes.
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Nicolas Passilly, Nicolas Passilly, Stéphane Perrin, Stéphane Perrin, Justine Lullin, Justine Lullin, Jorge Albero, Jorge Albero, Sylwester Bargiel, Sylwester Bargiel, Luc Froehly, Luc Froehly, Christophe Gorecki, Christophe Gorecki, Johann Krauter, Johann Krauter, Wolfgang Osten, Wolfgang Osten, Wei-Shan Wang, Wei-Shan Wang, Maik Wiemer, Maik Wiemer, } "Array-type miniature interferometer as the core optical microsystem of an optical coherence tomography device for tissue inspection", Proc. SPIE 9890, Optical Micro- and Nanometrology VI, 98900C (26 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2229477; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2229477

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