29 April 2016 High-sensitivity refractive index sensor based on large-angle tilted fiber grating with carbon nanotube deposition
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Abstract
This paper presents a highly sensitive ambient refractive index (RI) sensor based on 81° tilted fiber grating (81°-TFG) structure UV-inscribed in standard telecom fiber (62.5μm cladding radius) with carbon nanotube (CNT) overlay deposition. The sensing mechanism is based on the ability of CNT to induce change in transmitted optical power and the high sensitivity of 81°-TFG to ambient refractive index. The thin CNT film with high refractive index enhances the cladding modes of the TFG, resulting in the significant interaction between the propagating light and the surrounding medium. Consequently, the surrounding RI change will induce not only the resonant wavelength shift but also the power intensity change of the attenuation band in the transmission spectrum. Result shows that the change in transmitted optical power produces a corresponding linear reduction in intensity with increment in RI values. The sample shows high sensitivities of ~207.38nm/RIU, ~241.79nm/RIU at RI range 1.344–1.374 and ~113.09nm/RIU, ~144.40nm/RIU at RI range 1.374–1.392 (for X-pol and Y-pol respectively). It also shows power intensity sensitivity of ~ 65.728dBm/RIU and ~ 45.898 (for X-pol and Y-pol respectively). The low thermal sensitivity property of the 81°-TFG offers reduction in thermal cross-sensitivity and enhances specificity of the sensor.
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Abdulyezir A. Badmos, Qizhen Sun, Zhijun Yan, Raz N. Arif, Junxi Zhang, Alex Rozhin, Lin Zhang, "High-sensitivity refractive index sensor based on large-angle tilted fiber grating with carbon nanotube deposition", Proc. SPIE 9899, Optical Sensing and Detection IV, 989916 (29 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2227703; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2227703
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