29 April 2016 Highly sensitive detection using microring resonator and nanopores
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Abstract
One of the most significant challenges facing physical and biological scientists is the accurate detection and identification of single molecules in free-solution environments. The ability to perform such sensitive and selective measurements opens new avenues for a large number of applications in biological, medical and chemical analysis, where small sample volumes and low analyte concentrations are the norm. Access to information at the single or few molecules scale is rendered possible by a fine combination of recent advances in technologies. We propose a novel detection method that combines highly sensitive label-free resonant sensing obtained with high-Q microcavities and position control in nanoscale pores (nanopores). In addition to be label-free and highly sensitive, our technique is immobilization free and does not rely on surface biochemistry to bind probes on a chip. This is a significant advantage, both in term of biology uncertainties and fewer biological preparation steps. Through combination of high-Q photonic structures with translocation through nanopore at the end of a pipette, or through a solid-state membrane, we believe significant advances can be achieved in the field of biosensing. Silicon microrings are highly advantageous in term of sensitivity, multiplexing, and microfabrication and are chosen for this study. In term of nanopores, we both consider nanopore at the end of a nanopipette, with the pore being approach from the pipette with nanoprecise mechanical control. Alternatively, solid state nanopores can be fabricated through a membrane, supporting the ring. Both configuration are discussed in this paper, in term of implementation and sensitivity.
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K. Bougot-Robin, K. Bougot-Robin, J. W. Hoste, J. W. Hoste, N. Le Thomas, N. Le Thomas, P. Bienstman, P. Bienstman, J. B. Edel, J. B. Edel, } "Highly sensitive detection using microring resonator and nanopores", Proc. SPIE 9899, Optical Sensing and Detection IV, 98991R (29 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2227079; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2227079
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