29 July 2016 Geometrical distortion calibration of the stereo camera for the BepiColombo mission to Mercury
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Abstract
The ESA-JAXA mission BepiColombo that will be launched in 2018 is devoted to the observation of Mercury, the innermost planet of the Solar System. SIMBIOSYS is its remote sensing suite, which consists of three instruments: the High Resolution Imaging Channel (HRIC), the Visible and Infrared Hyperspectral Imager (VIHI), and the Stereo Imaging Channel (STC). The latter will provide the global three dimensional reconstruction of the Mercury surface, and it represents the first push-frame stereo camera on board of a space satellite. Based on a new telescope design, STC combines the advantages of a compact single detector camera to the convenience of a double direction acquisition system; this solution allows to minimize mass and volume performing a push-frame imaging acquisition. The shared camera sensor is divided in six portions: four are covered with suitable filters; the others, one looking forward and one backwards with respect to nadir direction, are covered with a panchromatic filter supplying stereo image pairs of the planet surface. The main STC scientific requirements are to reconstruct in 3D the Mercury surface with a vertical accuracy better than 80 m and performing a global imaging with a grid size of 65 m along-track at the periherm. Scope of this work is to present the on-ground geometric calibration pipeline for this original instrument. The selected STC off-axis configuration forced to develop a new distortion map model. Additional considerations are connected to the detector, a Si-Pin hybrid CMOS, which is characterized by a high fixed pattern noise. This had a great impact in pre-calibration phases compelling to use a not common approach to the definition of the spot centroids in the distortion calibration process. This work presents the results obtained during the calibration of STC concerning the distortion analysis for three different temperatures. These results are then used to define the corresponding distortion model of the camera.
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Emanuele Simioni, Emanuele Simioni, Vania Da Deppo, Vania Da Deppo, Cristina Re, Cristina Re, Giampiero Naletto, Giampiero Naletto, Elena Martellato, Elena Martellato, Donato Borrelli, Donato Borrelli, Michele Dami, Michele Dami, Gianluca Aroldi, Gianluca Aroldi, Iacopo Ficai Veltroni, Iacopo Ficai Veltroni, Gabriele Cremonese, Gabriele Cremonese, } "Geometrical distortion calibration of the stereo camera for the BepiColombo mission to Mercury", Proc. SPIE 9904, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave, 990410 (29 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2232639; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232639
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