29 July 2016 Closing the contrast gap between testbed and model prediction with WFIRST-CGI shaped pupil coronagraph
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Abstract
JPL has recently passed an important milestone in its technology development for a proposed NASA WFIRST mission coronagraph: demonstration of better than 1x10-8 contrast over broad bandwidth (10%) on both shaped pupil coronagraph (SPC) and hybrid Lyot coronagraph (HLC) testbeds with the WFIRST obscuration pattern. Challenges remain, however, in the technology readiness for the proposed mission. One is the discrepancies between the achieved contrasts on the testbeds and their corresponding model predictions. A series of testbed diagnoses and modeling activities were planned and carried out on the SPC testbed in order to close the gap. A very useful tool we developed was a derived “measured” testbed wavefront control Jacobian matrix that could be compared with the model-predicted “control” version that was used to generate the high contrast dark hole region in the image plane. The difference between these two is an estimate of the error in the control Jacobian. When the control matrix, which includes both amplitude and phase, was modified to reproduce the error, the simulated performance closely matched the SPC testbed behavior in both contrast floor and contrast convergence speed. This is a step closer toward model validation for high contrast coronagraphs. Further Jacobian analysis and modeling provided clues to the possible sources for the mismatch: DM misregistration and testbed optical wavefront error (WFE) and the deformable mirror (DM) setting for correcting this WFE. These analyses suggested that a high contrast coronagraph has a tight tolerance in the accuracy of its control Jacobian. Modifications to both testbed control model as well as prediction model are being implemented, and future works are discussed.
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Hanying Zhou, Hanying Zhou, Bijan Nemati, Bijan Nemati, John Krist, John Krist, Eric Cady, Eric Cady, Camilo Mejia Prada, Camilo Mejia Prada, Brian Kern, Brian Kern, Ilya Poberezhskiy, Ilya Poberezhskiy, } "Closing the contrast gap between testbed and model prediction with WFIRST-CGI shaped pupil coronagraph", Proc. SPIE 9904, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave, 990419 (29 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2232211; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232211
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