29 July 2016 Lyot coronagraph design study for large, segmented space telescope apertures
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Abstract
Recent efforts combining the optimization techniques of apodized pupil Lyot coronagraphs (APLC) and shaped pupils have demonstrated the viability of a binary-transmission mask architecture for extremely high contrast (10-10) exoplanet imaging. We are now building on those innovations to carry out a survey of Lyot coronagraph performance for large, segmented telescope apertures. These apertures are of the same kind under considera- tion for NASA's Large UV/Optical/IR (LUVOIR) observatory concept. To map the multi-dimensional design parameter space, we have developed a software toolkit to manage large sets of mask optimization programs and execute them on a computing cluster. Here we summarize a preliminary survey of 500 APLC solutions for 4 reference hexagonal telescope apertures. Several promising designs produce annular, 10-10 contrast dark zones down to inner working angle 4λ0=D over a 15% bandpass, while delivering a half-max PSF core throughput of 18%. We also report our progress on devising solutions to the challenges of Lyot stop alignment/fabrication tolerance that arise in this contrast regime.
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Neil T. Zimmerman, Mamadou N'Diaye, Kathryn E. St. Laurent, Rémi Soummer, Laurent Pueyo, Christopher C. Stark, Anand Sivaramakrishnan, Marshall Perrin, Robert J. Vanderbei, N. Jeremy Kasdin, Stuart Shaklan, Alexis Carlotti, "Lyot coronagraph design study for large, segmented space telescope apertures", Proc. SPIE 9904, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave, 99041Y (29 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2233205; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2233205
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