11 July 2016 In-flight performance of the polarization modulator in the CLASP rocket experiment
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Abstract
We developed a polarization modulation unit (PMU), a motor system to rotate a waveplate continuously. In polarization measurements, the continuous rotating waveplate is an important element as well as a polarization analyzer to record the incident polarization in a time series of camera exposures. The control logic of PMU was originally developed for the next Japanese solar observation satellite SOLAR-C by the SOLAR-C working group. We applied this PMU for the Chromospheric Lyman‐alpha SpectroPolarimeter (CLASP). CLASP is a sounding rocket experiment to observe the linear polarization of the Lyman‐alpha emission (121.6 nm vacuum ultraviolet) from the upper chromosphere and transition region of the Sun with a high polarization sensitivity of 0.1 % for the first time and investigate their vector magnetic field by the Hanle effect. The driver circuit was developed to optimize the rotation for the CLASP waveplate (12.5 rotations per minute). Rotation non‐ uniformity of the waveplate causes error in the polarization degree (i.e. scale error) and crosstalk between Stokes components. We confirmed that PMU has superior rotation uniformity in the ground test and the scale error and crosstalk of Stokes Q and U are less than 0.01 %. After PMU was attached to the CLASP instrument, we performed vibration tests and confirmed all PMU functions performance including rotation uniformity did not change. CLASP was successfully launched on September 3, 2015, and PMU functioned well as designed. PMU achieved a good rotation uniformity, and the high precision polarization measurement of CLASP was successfully achieved.
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Shin-nosuke Ishikawa, Shin-nosuke Ishikawa, Toshifumi Shimizu, Toshifumi Shimizu, Ryohei Kano, Ryohei Kano, Takamasa Bando, Takamasa Bando, Ryoko Ishikawa, Ryoko Ishikawa, Gabriel Giono, Gabriel Giono, Dyana L. Beabout, Dyana L. Beabout, Brent L. Beabout, Brent L. Beabout, Satoshi Nakayama, Satoshi Nakayama, Takao Tajima, Takao Tajima, "In-flight performance of the polarization modulator in the CLASP rocket experiment", Proc. SPIE 9905, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 99052U (11 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2232278; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232278
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