11 July 2016 Optical alignment of the Chromospheric Lyman-Alpha Spectro-Polarimeter using sophisticated methods to minimize activities under vacuum
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Abstract
The Chromospheric Lyman-Alpha Spectro-Polarimeter (CLASP) is a sounding-rocket instrument developed at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ) as a part of an international collaboration. The instrument main scientific goal is to achieve polarization measurement of the Lyman-α line at 121.56 nm emitted from the solar upper-chromosphere and transition region with an unprecedented 0.1% accuracy. The optics are composed of a Cassegrain telescope coated with a "cold mirror" coating optimized for UV reflection and a dual-channel spectrograph allowing for simultaneous observation of the two orthogonal states of polarization. Although the polarization sensitivity is the most important aspect of the instrument, the spatial and spectral resolutions of the instrument are also crucial to observe the chromospheric features and resolve the Ly-α profiles. A precise alignment of the optics is required to ensure the resolutions, but experiments under vacuum conditions are needed since Ly-α is absorbed by air, making the alignment experiments difficult. To bypass this issue, we developed methods to align the telescope and the spectrograph separately in visible light. We explain these methods and present the results for the optical alignment of the CLASP telescope and spectrograph. We then discuss the combined performances of both parts to derive the expected resolutions of the instrument, and compare them with the flight observations performed on September 3rd 2015.
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G. Giono, G. Giono, Y. Katsukawa, Y. Katsukawa, R. Ishikawa, R. Ishikawa, N. Narukage, N. Narukage, R. Kano, R. Kano, M. Kubo, M. Kubo, S. Ishikawa, S. Ishikawa, T. Bando, T. Bando, H. Hara, H. Hara, Y. Suematsu, Y. Suematsu, A. Winebarger, A. Winebarger, K. Kobayashi, K. Kobayashi, F. Auchère, F. Auchère, J. Trujillo Bueno, J. Trujillo Bueno, } "Optical alignment of the Chromospheric Lyman-Alpha Spectro-Polarimeter using sophisticated methods to minimize activities under vacuum", Proc. SPIE 9905, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 99053D (11 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2232312; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232312
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