18 July 2016 On the alignment and focusing of the Marshall Grazing Incidence X-ray Spectrometer (MaGIXS)
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The Marshall Grazing Incidence X-ray Spectrometer (MaGIXS) is a NASA sounding rocket instrument that is designed to observe soft X-ray emissions from 24 - 6.0 Å (0.5 - 2.0 keV energies) in the solar atmosphere. For the first time, high-temperature, low-emission plasma will be observed directly with 5 arcsecond spatial resolution and 22 mÅ spectral resolution. The unique optical design consists of a Wolter - I telescope and a 3-optic grazing- incidence spectrometer. The spectrometer utilizes a finite conjugate mirror pair and a blazed planar, varied line spaced grating, which is directly printed on a silicon substrate using e-beam lithography. The grating design is being finalized and the grating will be fabricated by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Izentis LLC. Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) is producing the nickel replicated telescope and spectrometer mirrors using the same facilities and techniques as those developed for the ART-XC and FOXSI mirrors. The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) will mount and align the optical sub-assemblies based on previous experience with similar instruments, such as the Hinode X-Ray Telescope (XRT). The telescope and spectrometer assembly will be aligned in visible light through the implementation of a theodolite and reference mirrors, in addition to the centroid detector assembly (CDA) - a device designed to align the AXAF-I nested mirrors. Focusing of the telescope and spectrometer will be achieved using the X-ray source in the Stray Light Facility (SLF) at MSFC. We present results from an alignment sensitivity analysis performed on the on the system and we also discuss the method for aligning and focusing MaGIXS.
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Patrick Champey, Patrick Champey, Amy Winebarger, Amy Winebarger, Ken Kobayashi, Ken Kobayashi, Sabrina Savage, Sabrina Savage, Jonathan Cirtain, Jonathan Cirtain, Peter Cheimets, Peter Cheimets, Edward Hertz, Edward Hertz, Leon Golub, Leon Golub, Brian Ramsey, Brian Ramsey, Jeff McCracken, Jeff McCracken, Vanessa Marquez, Vanessa Marquez, Ryan Allured, Ryan Allured, Ralf K. Heilmann, Ralf K. Heilmann, Mark Schattenburg, Mark Schattenburg, Alexander Bruccoleri, Alexander Bruccoleri, } "On the alignment and focusing of the Marshall Grazing Incidence X-ray Spectrometer (MaGIXS)", Proc. SPIE 9905, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 990573 (18 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2232820; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232820


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