4 August 2016 Planet Formation Imager (PFI): science vision and key requirements
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Abstract
The Planet Formation Imager (PFI) project aims to provide a strong scientific vision for ground-based optical astronomy beyond the upcoming generation of Extremely Large Telescopes. We make the case that a breakthrough in angular resolution imaging capabilities is required in order to unravel the processes involved in planet formation. PFI will be optimised to provide a complete census of the protoplanet population at all stellocentric radii and over the age range from 0.1 to ~100 Myr. Within this age period, planetary systems undergo dramatic changes and the final architecture of planetary systems is determined. Our goal is to study the planetary birth on the natural spatial scale where the material is assembled, which is the "Hill Sphere" of the forming planet, and to characterise the protoplanetary cores by measuring their masses and physical properties. Our science working group has investigated the observational characteristics of these young protoplanets as well as the migration mechanisms that might alter the system architecture. We simulated the imprints that the planets leave in the disk and study how PFI could revolutionise areas ranging from exoplanet to extragalactic science. In this contribution we outline the key science drivers of PFI and discuss the requirements that will guide the technology choices, the site selection, and potential science/technology tradeoffs.
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Stefan Kraus, Stefan Kraus, John D. Monnier, John D. Monnier, Michael J. Ireland, Michael J. Ireland, Gaspard Duchêne, Gaspard Duchêne, Catherine Espaillat, Catherine Espaillat, Sebastian Hönig, Sebastian Hönig, Attila Juhasz, Attila Juhasz, Chris Mordasini, Chris Mordasini, Johan Olofsson, Johan Olofsson, Claudia Paladini, Claudia Paladini, Keivan Stassun, Keivan Stassun, Neal Turner, Neal Turner, Gautam Vasisht, Gautam Vasisht, Tim J. Harries, Tim J. Harries, Matthew R. Bate, Matthew R. Bate, Jean-François Gonzalez, Jean-François Gonzalez, Alexis Matter, Alexis Matter, Zhaohuan Zhu, Zhaohuan Zhu, Olja Panic, Olja Panic, Zsolt Regaly, Zsolt Regaly, Alessandro Morbidelli, Alessandro Morbidelli, Farzana Meru, Farzana Meru, Sebastian Wolf, Sebastian Wolf, John Ilee, John Ilee, Jean-Philippe Berger, Jean-Philippe Berger, Ming Zhao, Ming Zhao, Quentin Kral, Quentin Kral, Andreas Morlok, Andreas Morlok, Amy Bonsor, Amy Bonsor, David Ciardi, David Ciardi, Stephen R. Kane, Stephen R. Kane, Kaitlin Kratter, Kaitlin Kratter, Greg Laughlin, Greg Laughlin, Joshua Pepper, Joshua Pepper, Sean Raymond, Sean Raymond, Lucas Labadie, Lucas Labadie, Richard P. Nelson, Richard P. Nelson, Gerd Weigelt, Gerd Weigelt, Theo ten Brummelaar, Theo ten Brummelaar, Arnaud Pierens, Arnaud Pierens, Rene Oudmaijer, Rene Oudmaijer, Wilhelm Kley, Wilhelm Kley, Benjamin Pope, Benjamin Pope, Eric L. N. Jensen, Eric L. N. Jensen, Amelia Bayo, Amelia Bayo, Michael Smith, Michael Smith, Tabetha Boyajian, Tabetha Boyajian, Luis Henry Quiroga-Nuñez, Luis Henry Quiroga-Nuñez, Rafael Millan-Gabet, Rafael Millan-Gabet, Andrea Chiavassa, Andrea Chiavassa, Alexandre Gallenne, Alexandre Gallenne, Mark Reynolds, Mark Reynolds, Willem-Jan de Wit, Willem-Jan de Wit, Markus Wittkowski, Markus Wittkowski, Florentin Millour, Florentin Millour, Poshak Gandhi, Poshak Gandhi, Cristina Ramos Almeida, Cristina Ramos Almeida, Almudena Alonso Herrero, Almudena Alonso Herrero, Chris Packham, Chris Packham, Makoto Kishimoto, Makoto Kishimoto, Konrad R. W. Tristram, Konrad R. W. Tristram, Jörg-Uwe Pott, Jörg-Uwe Pott, Jean Surdej, Jean Surdej, David Buscher, David Buscher, Chris Haniff, Chris Haniff, Sylvestre Lacour, Sylvestre Lacour, Romain Petrov, Romain Petrov, Steve Ridgway, Steve Ridgway, Peter Tuthill, Peter Tuthill, Gerard van Belle, Gerard van Belle, Phil Armitage, Phil Armitage, Clement Baruteau, Clement Baruteau, Myriam Benisty, Myriam Benisty, Bertram Bitsch, Bertram Bitsch, Sijme-Jan Paardekooper, Sijme-Jan Paardekooper, Christophe Pinte, Christophe Pinte, Frederic Masset, Frederic Masset, Giovanni Rosotti, Giovanni Rosotti, } "Planet Formation Imager (PFI): science vision and key requirements", Proc. SPIE 9907, Optical and Infrared Interferometry and Imaging V, 99071K (4 August 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2231067; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2231067
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