9 August 2016 GMTNIRS: progress toward the Giant Magellan Telescope near-infrared spectrograph
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Abstract
GMTNIRS is a first-generation instrument for the Giant Magellan Telescope. It is a high-resolution spectrograph that will cover the 1.15-5.3 μm range in a single exposure with R=60,000 in the J, H, and K bands and R=85,000 in the L and M bands. It resides on the GMT’s rotating instrument platform and employs the facility adaptive optics system. The GMTNIRS design is evolving in response to emerging science problems, particularly in the area of exoplanet atmospheres. Our design revisions also derive lessons from GMTNIRS’ highly successful forerunner instrument, IGRINS. Technical changes also drive evolution of the design. It has proven impractical to manufacture 200mm long immersion gratings at the necessary precision. The success of primary mirror phasing efforts has removed the need for a very wide entrance slit that we would have needed to accommodate the Airy pattern of individual segments at the shortest operating wavelengths. The high efficiency of our double-side coated JWST grisms introduces the possibility of transmissive cross-dispersers at L and M. These changes move us toward a design with almost the same R as presented in our previous work but with a much more compact physical envelope. We will report on the optimization of the instrument design with these technical changes in mind. We are also producing the critical Si immersion gratings. The grating production is well under way and includes manufacture of H and K gratings and process development for the precision needed in the J band and for the manufacture of larger gratings for the L and M band. The development of GMTNIRS is on track with the results from IGRINS and the progress in the lab giving us substantial assurance that the new instrument can meet its performance goals.
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Daniel T. Jaffe, Daniel T. Jaffe, Stuart Barnes, Stuart Barnes, Cynthia Brooks, Cynthia Brooks, Hanshin Lee, Hanshin Lee, Gregory Mace, Gregory Mace, Soojong Pak, Soojong Pak, Byeong-Gon Park, Byeong-Gon Park, Chan Park, Chan Park, } "GMTNIRS: progress toward the Giant Magellan Telescope near-infrared spectrograph", Proc. SPIE 9908, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI, 990821 (9 August 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2232994; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232994
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