9 August 2016 Performance characteristics of two volume phase holographic grisms produced for the ESPRESSO spectrograph
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Abstract
The ESPRESSO spectrograph [1], a new addition to the European Southern Observatory’s (ESO) Very Large Telescope (VLT), requires two volume phase holographic (VPH) grisms, one blue and the other red, splitting the overall spectral range of the instrument to maximize throughput while achieving high resolution. The blue grism covers the spectral range from 375 nm to 520 nm with a dispersion of 0.88 degrees/nm at the central wavelength of 438 nm. The red grism operates from 535 nm to 780 nm with a dispersion of 0.47 degrees/nm at 654.8 nm. Both designs use a single input prism to enhance the dispersion of the grism assembly. The grisms are relatively large in size with a working aperture of 185 mm x 185 mm for the blue grism and 215 nm x 185 mm for the red grism respectively. This paper describes the specifications of the two grating types, gives the rigorous coupled wave analysis (RCWA) theoretical performances of diffraction efficiency for the production designs and presents the measured performances of each of the delivered grisms.
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James A. Arns, "Performance characteristics of two volume phase holographic grisms produced for the ESPRESSO spectrograph", Proc. SPIE 9908, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy VI, 990861 (9 August 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2231256; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2231256
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