27 July 2016 Single detector stereo-SCIDAR for Mount Stromlo
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Abstract
Satellite tracking and imaging is conducted by the ANU Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics and Electro-Optic Systems (EOS) at Mount Stromlo Observatory, Canberra, Australia, as part of the Space Environment Management Cooperative Research Centre (SERC) to support the development in space situational awareness. Atmospheric turbulence leads to distortions in the measured data. Adaptive optics (AO) systems counteract those distortions and improve the resolution of the tracking and imaging systems. To assist in the design of the AO systems, we need to gather information on the atmosphere at Mount Stromlo: r0, τ 0, and the turbulence Cn2 profile. With the SCIntillation Detection And Ranging (SCIDAR) Technique the scintillation of two stars is measured and their autocorrelation function is computed, providing a measurement of the turbulence profile. This technique usually uses one detector recording the two images of the stars simultaneously. However, the images overlap leading to an underestimation of the Cn2 values. The introduction of stereo-SCIDAR1 over- comes this issue by separating the two stars and imaging them on two separate image sensors. To reduce costs, we introduce a new stereo-SCIDAR system separating the beams from the two stars, but using only one single detector. This has been shown for a Low Layer SCIDAR (LOLAS) system with wide double stars (200 arcsec). We investigate this technique by detecting the scintillation patterns of double stars with separation from 10 to 25 arcsec, allowing some flexibility in the altitude span and resolution, while retaining a simple optical setup. We selected a low noise sCMOS camera as the imager. We show the current design of this system and investigate its feasibility for further development.
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Doris Grosse, Doris Grosse, Francis Bennet, Francis Bennet, Visa Korkiakoski, Visa Korkiakoski, Francois Rigaut, Francois Rigaut, Elliott Thorn, Elliott Thorn, } "Single detector stereo-SCIDAR for Mount Stromlo", Proc. SPIE 9909, Adaptive Optics Systems V, 99093D (27 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2232149; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232149
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