22 July 2016 Noise modeling and analysis of an IMU-based attitude sensor: improvement of performance by filtering and sensor fusion
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Abstract
We describe the characterization and removal of noises present in the Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) MPU- 6050, which was initially used in an attitude sensor, and later used in the development of a pointing system for small balloon-borne astronomical payloads. We found that the performance of the IMU degraded with time because of the accumulation of different errors. Using Allan variance analysis method, we identified the different components of noise present in the IMU, and verified the results by the power spectral density analysis (PSD). We tried to remove the high-frequency noise using smooth filters such as moving average filter and then Savitzky Golay (SG) filter. Even though we managed to filter some high-frequency noise, these filters performance wasn't satisfactory for our application. We found the distribution of the random noise present in IMU using probability density analysis and identified that the noise in our IMU was white Gaussian in nature. Hence, we used a Kalman filter to remove the noise and which gave us good performance real time.
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Nirmal K., Nirmal K., Sreejith A. G., Sreejith A. G., Joice Mathew, Joice Mathew, Mayuresh Sarpotdar, Mayuresh Sarpotdar, Ambily Suresh, Ambily Suresh, Ajin Prakash, Ajin Prakash, Margarita Safonova, Margarita Safonova, Jayant Murthy, Jayant Murthy, "Noise modeling and analysis of an IMU-based attitude sensor: improvement of performance by filtering and sensor fusion", Proc. SPIE 9912, Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation II, 99126W (22 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2234255; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2234255
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