19 July 2016 Extremely low noise UHF-band amplifiers for square kilometer array
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Abstract
This paper demonstrates two designs of extremely low noise amplifiers in the low frequency range of 350 MHz to 1070 MHz. Hybrid microwave integrated circuit is adapted for a low noise design at this low frequency range. Discrete passive components with high-Q and large values are selected to integrate with the best low noise transistors to optimize the LNA performance. The first UHF band cryogenic LNA was designed with InP HEMTs in all three stages for Square Kilometer Array - mid telescope band-1 receiver. This LNA extended the low end frequency to 350 MHz, and achieved averaging 1.4 Kelvin of a record low noise temperature, more than 47 dB gain, and good input and output return losses < -10 dB over the broad bandwidth from 350 to 1050 MHz at 15 K. The second UHF band cryogenic LNA was developed for MeerKAT Array, a precursor of Square Kilometer Array. This LNA was designed with InP HEMT transistor at first stage to achieve best low noise performance and GaAs HEMTs for second and third stages to replace InP HEMTs and realize high gain and good amplitude stability at cryogenic temperature. The second LNA achieved a record low noise temperature of averaging 0.6 Kelvin, more than 45 dB gain, and good input and output return losses ≤ -12 dB over the wide bandwidth from 580 to 1070 MHz at 15 K.
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Nianhua Jiang, Nianhua Jiang, Dominic Garcia, Dominic Garcia, Pat Niranjanan, Pat Niranjanan, Mark Halman, Mark Halman, Ivan Wevers, Ivan Wevers, } "Extremely low noise UHF-band amplifiers for square kilometer array", Proc. SPIE 9914, Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VIII, 991420 (19 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2232154; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2232154
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