27 July 2016 Second generation large area microchannel plate flat panel phototubes
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Abstract
Very large (20 cm × 20 cm) flat panel phototubes are being developed which employ novel microchannel plates (MCPs). The MCPs are manufactured using borosilicate microcapillary arrays which are functionalized by the application of resistive and secondary emissive layers using atomic layer deposition (ALD). This allows the operational parameters to be set by tailoring sequential ALD deposition processes. The borosilicate substrates are robust, including the ability to be produced in large formats (20 cm square). ALD MCPs have performance characteristics (gain, pulse amplitude distributions, and imaging) that are equivalent or better than conventional MCPs. They have low intrinsic background (0.045 events cm-2 sec-1)., high open area ratios (74% for the latest generation of borosilicate substrates), and stable gain during >7 C cm-2 charge extraction after preconditioning (vacuum bake and burn-in). The tube assemblies use a pair of 20 cm × 20 cm ALD MCPs comprised of a borosilicate entrance window, a proximity focused bialkali photocathode, and a strip-line readout anode. The second generation design employs an all glass body with a hot indium seal and a transfer photocathode. We have achieved >20% quantum efficiency and good gain uniformity over the 400 cm2 field of view, spatial resolution of <1 cm and obtained event timing accuracy of close to 100 ps FWHM.
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C. D. Ertley, C. D. Ertley, O. H. W. Siegmund, O. H. W. Siegmund, S. R. Jelinsky, S. R. Jelinsky, J. Tedesco, J. Tedesco, M. J. Minot, M. J. Minot, A. O’Mahony, A. O’Mahony, C. A. Craven, C. A. Craven, M. Popecki, M. Popecki, A. V. Lyashenko, A. V. Lyashenko, M. R. Foley, M. R. Foley, "Second generation large area microchannel plate flat panel phototubes", Proc. SPIE 9915, High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy VII, 99152G (27 July 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2233073; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2233073
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