30 May 2016 Metal-coated second-order fibre Bragg gratings produced by infrared femtosecond radiation for dual temperature and strain sensing
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Proceedings Volume 9916, Sixth European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors; 99161D (2016) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2236630
Event: Sixth European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors (EWOFS'2016), 2016, Limerick, Ireland
Abstract
We report highly localized second-order fibre Bragg gratings at 1585 nm inscribed by point-by-point focused infrared femtosecond pulses. A thin gold coating deposited on the fibre outer surface at the grating location allows shielding the cladding mode resonances from the outer medium, so that they remain present in the transmitted amplitude spectrum. The Bragg resonance of the second-order grating is surrounded by high-order cladding mode resonances of the first-order grating. These cladding modes exhibit the same temperature sensitivity as the Bragg resonance (10.6 pm/°C) but high differential strain sensitivity (-0.55 pm/μepsilon versus 1.20 pm/μepsilon for the Bragg mode). Therefore, the conditioning of the matrix inversion as demodulation method is fully satisfied, yielding a new design of fibre sensor able to discriminate between temperature and strain, with an unprecedented sensitivity.
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K. Chah, K. Chah, D. Kinet, D. Kinet, C. Caucheteur, C. Caucheteur, "Metal-coated second-order fibre Bragg gratings produced by infrared femtosecond radiation for dual temperature and strain sensing ", Proc. SPIE 9916, Sixth European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors, 99161D (30 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2236630; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2236630
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