30 May 2016 Serial FBG sensor network allowing overlapping spectra
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Proceedings Volume 9916, Sixth European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors; 99162G (2016) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2235279
Event: Sixth European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors (EWOFS'2016), 2016, Limerick, Ireland
For structure or material monitoring low impact serial fiber Bragg grating (FBG) networks have attracted increasing research interest. Common sensor networks using wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) for FBG interrogation are limited in their efficiency by the spectral width of their light source, the FBG tuning range and the spectral guard bands. Overlapping spectra are strictly forbidden in this case. Applying time division multiplexing (TDM) or active resonator schemes may overcome these restrictions. However, they introduce other substantial disadvantages like signal roundtrip dependency or sophisticated control of active resonating structures. Code division multiplexing (CDM) as a means of FBG interrogation by simple autocorrelation of appropriate codes has been shown to be superior in this respect. However, it came at the cost of a second spectrometer introducing additional equalization efforts. We demonstrate a new serial FBG sensor network utilizing CDM signal processing for efficient sensor interrogation without the need of a second spectrometer and additional state of polarization (SOP) controlling components. It allows overlapping spectra even when all sensing FBGs are positioned at the same centre wavelength and it shows a high degree of insensitivity to SOP. Sequence inversed keyed (SIK) serial signal processing utilizing quasi-orthogonal balanced codes ensures simple and quick sensor interrogation with high signal-to-interference/noise ratio.
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S. Abbenseth, S. Abbenseth, S. Lochmann, S. Lochmann, A. Ahrens, A. Ahrens, B. Rehm, B. Rehm, "Serial FBG sensor network allowing overlapping spectra", Proc. SPIE 9916, Sixth European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors, 99162G (30 May 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2235279; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2235279

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