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16 September 2016 Design, synthesis, and characterization of photoinitiators for two-photon polymerization
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A series of dipolar and quadrupolar two-photon absorption (2PA) photoinitiators (PIs) based around the well-known triphenylamine (TPA) core and tricyanofuran (TCF) acceptors have been prepared for use in two-photon polymerisation (TPP). The synthesised dipolar species are designated as 5 and 7, and the remaining quadrupolar species are 6, 8, 9 and 10. Large two-photon absorption cross-sections (δ2PA) ranging between 333 - 507 GM were measured at 780 nm using the z-scan technique. Fluorescence quantum yields (ΦF) were below 3% across the series when compared to Rhodamine 6G as a reference standard. Finally, TPP tests were conducted on PIs 7 and 8 to assess their ability to initiate the polymerisation of acrylate monomers using an 800 nm femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser system.
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Reece Whitby, Ryan MacMillan, Stefaan Janssens, Sebastiampillai Raymond, Dave Clarke, Andrew Kay, Jianyong Jin, and Cather M. Simpson "Design, synthesis, and characterization of photoinitiators for two-photon polymerization", Proc. SPIE 9920, Active Photonic Materials VIII, 992026 (16 September 2016);

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