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10 November 2016 E.coli swims faster in tight microtunnels (Conference Presentation)
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Abstract
Swimming bacteria exploit viscous drag forces to generate propulsion in low Reynolds number environments. A rotating helical flagellar bundle can propel the cell body at typical speeds of ten body lengths per second. Not surprisingly, this ability to efficiently swim is preserved even in confining micro-environments which constitute their typical habitat. Quantitative studies would require the ability of fabricating complex environments with controlled geometrical properties. Experimental studies so far were limited to large diameter micro capillaries or 2D confinement. In this last case, E.coli has been shown to swim with an unaltered speed even when the gap size is slightly larger than the cell body thickness. The case of tight 1D confinement is however more challenging requiring 3D fabrication capabilities. Using two-photon polymerization we fabricate 3D microstructures that can confine swimming bacteria in quasi 1D geometries. We observe individual E.coli cells swimming through a sequence of micro-tunnels with progressively decreasing diameters. We demonstrate that E.coli motility is preserved also in tight 1D confinement. Moreover we find that there's an optimal channel diameter for which the increase in flagellar thrust due to 1D confinement can even overcome the increased drag on the cell body resulting in swimming speeds that can be up to 15% larger then the bulk speed.
Conference Presentation
© (2016) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Gaszton Vizsnyiczai, Filippo Saglimbeni, Giacomo Frangipane, Silvio Bianchi, Claudio Maggi, and Roberto Di Leonardo "E.coli swims faster in tight microtunnels (Conference Presentation)", Proc. SPIE 9922, Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation XIII, 99221K (10 November 2016); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2237625
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