23 September 2016 Room temperature deposition of zinc oxide thin films by rf-magnetron sputtering for application in solar cells
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Abstract
Recent reports indicate that thin films of oxides of zinc: ZnO, Zn(O,S), or Zn-Mg-O, could be a better buffer component than CdS to provide an adequate band alignment with orthorhombic tin sulphide in thin lm solar cells. Thin films of ZnO were grown by rf-magnetron sputtering on different substrates at room temperature. Thin films of ZnO obtained by different deposition methods show hexagonal crystal structure, usually with a preferential orientation of (002) crystallographic planes parallel to the substrate surface. However, in the present study XRD patterns indicate that thicker ZnO films on glass substrates have preferential growth of (103) planes, while that on chemically deposited CdS or ZnS films preferential orientation of (002) planes persists. Bandgap of ZnO films increases from 3.2 eV to 3.4 eV when the chamber pressure used for deposition varies from 2.3 mTorr to 6 mTorr. ZnO films were incorporated in a solar cell structure stainless steel/SnS(cubic)/SnS(orthorhombic)/SnS(cubic)/CdS/ZnO/ZnO:Al. It showed open-circuit voltage of 0.318 V, short-circuit current density of 3.6 mA/cm2 and conversion efficiency of 0.82%.
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Sanal K. C., Sanal K. C., R. R. Trujillo, R. R. Trujillo, P. K. Nair, P. K. Nair, M. T. S. Nair, M. T. S. Nair, } "Room temperature deposition of zinc oxide thin films by rf-magnetron sputtering for application in solar cells", Proc. SPIE 9936, Thin Films for Solar and Energy Technology VIII, 99360L (23 September 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2238434; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2238434
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