23 September 2016 Enhancement of a-Si:H solar cell efficiency by Y2O3 : Yb3+, Er3+ near infrared spectral upconverter
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The optical properties of Yb3+/Er3+ doped Y2O3 upconversion phosphor and the enhancement of efficiency of a-Si:H solar cell on incorporation of upconverter are investigated. The Y2O3 host material has high corrosion resistance, thermal stability, chemical stability, low toxicity and relatively low phonon energy (≈ 500 cm-1). Y2O3:Yb3+ (x %): Er3+ (y %) upconversion nanophosphors with different dopant concentrations were synthesized via simple hydrothermal method followed by a heat treatment at 1200°C for 12 hrs. Highly crystalline, quasi-spherical, body centered cubic Y2O3 structure was obtained. The structure, phase and morphology of the nanocrystals were determined using x-ray diffraction and SEM. Following pumping at 980 nm two dominant emission bands were observed at about 550 nm(green) and 660 nm(red), corresponding to 2H11/2, 4S3/24I15/2 and 4F9/24I15/2 transitions respectively. The dependence of emission intensity on pump power shows that the mechanism involved is two photon absorption. The upconversion phosphor along with a binder is coupled behind the a-Si:H solar cell which absorbs transmitted sub-band-gap photons and emits back the upconverted visible light which can be absorbed by the solar cell. Under suitable intensity of illumination the solar cell short circuit current is found to be increased on adding the upconversion layer.
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Kurias K. Markose, Kurias K. Markose, Anjana R., Anjana R., Subha P. P., Subha P. P., Aldrin Antony, Aldrin Antony, M. K. Jayaraj, M. K. Jayaraj, } "Enhancement of a-Si:H solar cell efficiency by Y2O3 : Yb3+, Er3+ near infrared spectral upconverter", Proc. SPIE 9937, Next Generation Technologies for Solar Energy Conversion VII, 99370X (23 September 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2237549; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2237549

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