The photopolymer materials are good media to record thick hologram gratings, because photopolymer materials have high resolution, low cost, simple process technology and so on. According to coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings, we know that the same object beam can be reconstructed if the same reference beam is used to retrieve a thick hologram grating. However, the shrinkage always occurs in the photopolymer materials because of environment temperature, humidity, vibration etc. For instance, the same object beam cannot be reconstructed even the same reference beam to be used. In this paper, we will analysis the shrinkage influence of photopolymer materials for thick hologram gratings. We divide the photopolymer materials into several geometry layers, and analysis the reconstructed characteristics separately basing on coupled wave theory of Kogelnik. Through gradually continuous changing the angle between gratings and the border (we call it slant angle), we can build the geometry model of gratings bending caused by shrinkage of materials. We calculate wave complex amplitude diffracted from every layer, and superpose them to compute the total diffraction efficiency. We simulate above methods to obtain the curve of diffraction efficiency with reconstruction wavelength by using Matlab software. Comparing the simulated results with the experiments results, we can deduce the probable situation of thick hologram gratings bending after photopolymer materials shrink.