21 October 2016 Trabecular network arrangement within the human patella: how osteoarthritis remodels the 3D trabecular structure
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Following the principles of “morphology reveals biomechanics”, the anatomical structure of the cartilage-osseous interface and the supporting trabecular network show defined adaptation in their architectural properties to physiological loading. In case of a faulty relationship, the ability to support the load diminishes and the onset of osteoarthritis (OA) may arise and disturb the balanced formation and resorption processes. To describe and quantify the changes occurring, 10 human OA patellae were analysed concerning the architectural parameters of the trabecular network within the first five mms by the evaluation of 3Dmicro-CT datasets. The analysed OA-samples showed a strong irregularity for all trabecular parameters across the trabecular network, no regularity in parameter distribution was found. In general, we saw a decrease of material in the OA population as BV/TV, BS/TV, Tb.N and Tb.Th were decreased and the spacing increased. The development into depth showed a logarithmic dependency, which revealed the greatest difference for all parameters within the first mm in comparison to the physiologic samples. The differences decreased towards the 5th mm. The interpretation of the mathematic dependency leads to the conclusion that the main impact of OA is beneath the subchondral bone plate (SBP) and lessens with depth. Next to the clear difference in material, the architectural arrangement is more rod-like and isotropic just beneath the SBP in comparison to the plate-like and more anisotropic physiological arrangement.
Conference Presentation
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Sebastian Hoechel, Sebastian Hoechel, Hans Deyhle, Hans Deyhle, Mireille Toranelli, Mireille Toranelli, Magdalena Müller-Gerbl, Magdalena Müller-Gerbl, "Trabecular network arrangement within the human patella: how osteoarthritis remodels the 3D trabecular structure", Proc. SPIE 9967, Developments in X-Ray Tomography X, 99670M (21 October 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2237045; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2237045

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