23 November 2016 Front Matter: Volume 9968
This PDF file contains the front matter associated with SPIE Proceedings Volume 9968, including the Title Page, Copyright information, Table of Contents, and Conference Committee listing.

The papers in this volume were part of the technical conference cited on the cover and title page. Papers were selected and subject to review by the editors and conference program committee. Some conference presentations may not be available for publication. Additional papers and presentation recordings may be available online in the SPIE Digital Library at SPIEDigitalLibrary.org.

The papers reflect the work and thoughts of the authors and are published herein as submitted. The publisher is not responsible for the validity of the information or for any outcomes resulting from reliance thereon.

Please use the following format to cite material from these Proceedings:

Author(s), “Title of Paper,” in Hard X-Ray, Gamma-Ray, and Neutron Detector Physics XVIII, edited by Ralph B. James, Michael Fiederle, Arnold Burger, Larry Franks, Stephen A. Payne, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9968 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 2016) Six-digit Article CID Number.

ISSN: 0277-786X

ISSN: 1996-756X (electronic)

ISBN: 9781510603271

ISBN: 9781510603288 (electronic)

Published by


P.O. Box 10, Bellingham, Washington 98227-0010 USA

Telephone +1 360 676 3290 (Pacific Time)· Fax +1 360 647 1445


Copyright © 2016, Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers.

Copying of material in this book for internal or personal use, or for the internal or personal use of specific clients, beyond the fair use provisions granted by the U.S. Copyright Law is authorized by SPIE subject to payment of copying fees. The Transactional Reporting Service base fee for this volume is $18.00 per article (or portion thereof), which should be paid directly to the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923. Payment may also be made electronically through CCC Online at copyright.com. Other copying for republication, resale, advertising or promotion, or any form of systematic or multiple reproduction of any material in this book is prohibited except with permission in writing from the publisher. The CCC fee code is 0277-786X/16/$18.00.

Printed in the United States of America.

Publication of record for individual papers is online in the SPIE Digital Library.



Paper Numbering: Proceedings of SPIE follow an e-First publication model. A unique citation identifier (CID) number is assigned to each article at the time of publication. Utilization of CIDs allows articles to be fully citable as soon as they are published online, and connects the same identifier to all online and print versions of the publication. SPIE uses a six-digit CID article numbering system structured as follows:

  • The first four digits correspond to the SPIE volume number.

  • The last two digits indicate publication order within the volume using a Base 36 numbering system employing both numerals and letters. These two-number sets start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B … 0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc. The CID Number appears on each page of the manuscript.


Numbers in the index correspond to the last two digits of the six-digit citation identifier (CID) article numbering system used in Proceedings of SPIE. The first four digits reflect the volume number. Base 36 numbering is employed for the last two digits and indicates the order of articles within the volume. Numbers start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B...0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc.

Adams, Bernhard W., 0X

Aoki, Toru, 1H

Aviles, Melvin, 0X

Babalola, Stephen, 1E

Baldez, Phoenix, 13

Bennett, Brittany, 1E

Blaj, G., 0J

Bond, Justin L., 0X

Burger, Arnold, 0P

Bychkova, Oksana V., 0V

Caragiulo, P., 0J

Chen, Henry, 0Y

Chen, Yi, 0N

Chowdhury, Towhid A., 0M

Cirignano, Leonard, 0P

Craven, Christopher A., 0X

Cremer, Till, 0X

Delaigue, S., 1F

DeRego, Paul J., 13

Dias da Cunha, Kenya Moore, 13

Dmitrenko, Valery V., 0A, 0V

Doan, T. C., 0S

Doty, Patrick, 03

Dragone, A., 0J

Elagin, Andrey, 0X

Elam, Jeffrey W., 0C, 0X

Ertley, Camden, 0X

Fan, A., 0U

Feng, Cheng, 0K

Feng, Patrick, 03

Fiorillo, G., 0U

Foley, Michael R., 0X

Frisch, Henry, 0X

Fröjdh, Christer, 0T

Fukazawa, Yasushi, 0D

Galbiati, C., 0U

Giltnane, Dustin, 1E

Gimenez, T., 1F

Guan, M. Y., 0U

Gueorguiev, Andrey, 0P

Hagino, Koichi, 0D

Hajagos, Tibor Jacob, 0N

Haller, G., 0J

Hasi, J., 0J

Hecht, Adam A., 13

Hong, Huicong, 0P

Houret, B., 1F

Jackson, Maxx, 1E

Jiang, H. X., 0S

Jin, Yunxia, 0N

Kenney, C. J., 0J

Kim, Hadong, 0P

Kim, Jin-Sang, 17

Kishpaugh, David, 0N

Knödlseder, J., 1F

Kobayashi, Shogo Benjamin, 0D

Koike, Akihumi, 1H

Kokubun, Motohide, 0D

Korga, G., 0U

Krapohl, David, 0T

Kwiatkowski, M., 0J

Lacombe, K., 1F

Li, J., 0S

Lin, J. Y., 0S

Liu, Chao, 0N

Liu, Jian, 0K

Lyashenko, Alexey, 0X

Mandal, Krishna C., 0E, 0M

Mane, Anil U., 0C, 0X

Markosyan, Gary, 03

Markovic, B., 0J

Marty, A., 0S

Minot, Michael J., 0C, 0X

Miura, Taketo, 0D

Miyake, Katsuma, 0D

Mourey, V., 1F

Nakano, Toshio, 0D

Nakazawa, Kazuhiro, 0D

Nishizawa, Junichi, 1H

Novikov, Alexander S., 0A, 0V

Ohmes, Martin F., 1E

Okuda, Kazufumi, 0D

Oner, Cihan, 0M

Pak, Rahmi O., 0M

Pantic, E., 0U

Pei, Qibing, 0N

Petrenko, Denis V., 0A, 0V

Popecki, Mark A., 0X

Qian, Yun-sheng, 0K

Raby, Paul, 0Y

Ramon, P., 1F

Razeto, A., 0U

Renshaw, A., 0U

Rossi, B., 0U

Saito, Shinya, 0D

Samanta, Piyas, 0E

Sato, Goro, 0D

Segal, J., 0J

Shah, Kanai S., 03, 0P

Shirwadkar, Urmila, 03

Shustov, Alexander E., 0A, 0V

Siegmund, Oswald H. W., 0C, 0X

Song, ChengXin, 0K

Stochaj, Michael E., 0X

Stowe, A. C., 1E

Suh, Sang-Hee, 17

Suh, Youngjoon, 17

Suvorov, Y., 0U

Tabata, Kento, 1H

Tajima, Hiroyasu, 0D

Takahashi, Tadayuki, 0D

Takeda, Shinichiro, 0D

Tang, LiMing, 0K

Thungström, Göran, 0T

Tomada, A., 0J

Tower, Joshua, 0P

Ulin, Sergey E., 0A, 0V

Uteshev, Ziyaetdin M., 0A, 0V

van Loef, Edgar V., 03

Virmontois, C., 1F

Vlasik, Konstantin F., 0A, 0V

Wagner, Robert G., 0C

Wang, H., 0U

Wang, Y., 0U

Watanabe, Shin, 0D

Worstell, William A., 0X

Yang, C. G., 0U

Zhang, Yijun, 0K

Zhuang, Qixin, 0N

Conference Committee

Program Track Chairs

  • Ali M. Khounsary, Illinois Institute of Technology (United States)

  • Ralph B. James, Brookhaven National Laboratory (United States)

Conference Chairs

  • Ralph B. James, Savannah River National Laboratory (United States)

  • Michael Fiederle, Freiburger Materialforschungszentrum (Germany)

  • Arnold Burger, Fisk University (United States)

  • Larry Franks, Consultant (United States)

Conference Co-chair

  • Stephen A. Payne, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)

Conference Program Committee

  • Toru Aoki, Shizuoka University (Japan)

  • Jim E. Baciak Jr., University of Florida (United States)

  • David B. Beach, Y-12 National Security Complex (United States)

  • Zane W. Bell, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States)

  • Koushik Biswas, Arkansas State University (United States)

  • Lynn A. Boatner, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States)

  • Aleksey E. Bolotnikov, Brookhaven National Laboratory (United States)

  • Edith Bourret Courchesne, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (United States)

  • Giuseppe S. Camarda, Brookhaven National Laboratory (United States)

  • Bill Cardoso, Creative Electron (United States)

  • Henry Chen, Brimrose Corporation of America (United States)

  • Nerine J. Cherepy, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)

  • Jeffrey J. Derby, University of Minnesota (United States)

  • Kim F. Ferris, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (United States)

  • Petro M. Fochuk, Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University (Ukraine)

  • Jan Franc, Charles University in Prague (Czech Republic)

  • Fei Gao, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (United States)

  • Zhong He, University of Michigan (United States)

  • Keitaro Hitomi, Tohoku University (Japan)

  • Alan Janos, U.S. Deptartment of Homeland Security (United States)

  • Mercouri Kanatzidis, Northwestern University (United States)

  • Warnick J. Kernan, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (United States)

  • KiHyun Kim, Korea University College of Health Sciences (Korea, Republic of)

  • Henric Krawczynski, Washington University in St. Louis (United States)

  • Kelvin G. Lynn, Washington State University (United States)

  • Krishna C. Mandal, University of South Carolina (United States)

  • Robert D. McLaren, Consultant (United States)

  • Shariar Motakef, CapeSym, Inc. (United States)

  • Sanjoy Mukhopadhyay, National Security Technologies, LLC (United States)

  • Utpal N. Roy, Brookhaven National Laboratory (United States)

  • Arie Ruzin, Tel Aviv University (Israel)

  • David J. Singh, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States)

  • Narsingh B. Singh, University of Maryland, Baltimore County (United States)

  • Michael R. Squillante, Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc. (United States)

  • Ashley C. Stowe, Y-12 National Security Complex (United States)

  • Csaba Szeles, Nious Technologies Inc. (United States)

  • Sergey E. Ulin, National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Russian Federation)

  • Edgar V. van Loef, Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc. (United States)

  • Aaron L. Washington II, Savannah River National Laboratory (United States)

  • Richard T. Williams, Wake Forest University (United States)

Session Chairs

  • 1 Scintillators I

    Ralph B. James, Savannah River National Laboratory (United States)

  • 2 CZT I

    Arnold Burger, Fisk University (United States)

  • 3 Detector Materials I

    Jan Franc, Charles University in Prague (Czech Republic)

  • 4 Scintillators II

    Charles L. Melcher, The University of Tennessee Knoxville (United States)

  • 5 Semiconductor Detector Materials

    Nerine J. Cherepy, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)

  • 6 Neutron Detectors

    Krishna C. Mandal, University of South Carolina (United States)

  • 7 Detector Devices

    Arnold Burger, Fisk University (United States)

  • 8 Scintillators III

    Stephen A. Payne, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (United States)

  • 9 CZT II

    Larry Franks, Consultant (United States)

  • 10 CZT III

    Robert D. McLaren, Consultant (United States)


This book contains the proceedings of the SPIE Conference on Hard X-Ray, Gamma-Ray, and Neutron Detector Physics XVIII. The conference was held on August 29-31, 2016 in San Diego, CA. The conference was organized into technical sessions on cadmium zinc telluride (CZT), scintillators, detector materials, devices, and neutron detectors. A poster session was also provided.

The purpose of the conference was to provide a forum for scientists and engineers from the detector development and user communities to present and evaluate the most recent results on x-ray, gamma-ray, and neutron detectors and to discuss the requirements for a variety of radiation-sensing and imaging applications. The primary theme of the conference was on the development of improved semiconductor and scintillator radiation detectors and imaging arrays, which combine the advantages of room-temperature operation with the ability to spectrally resolve the energies of emitted x- and gamma-rays, and on applications of the technology. By eliminating the cryogen, new radiation-sensing instruments, such as spectrometers, gamma cameras and radiographic systems, can be manufactured that are portable, lightweight, easy to operate, and relatively maintenance-free. Recent research and development on detectors have resulted in measurable progress in the availability of single detectors and imaging arrays. In addition, recent reports of the material properties limiting the performance of semiconductor and scintillator detectors have provided new insights and directions to address deficiencies in the crystals and devices.

Despite the limitations on efficiency and relatively high cost of current room-temperature semiconductor detectors and new emerging scintillators, they have been increasingly deployed in systems useful for medical diagnostics, space applications, safeguarding of nuclear materials, material identification, baggage scanning, position sensing, and gamma-ray spectroscopy. Although significant progress has occurred over recent years, there is still a pressing need to lower the cost of the detectors and to increase the efficiency of the detectors while improving their spectral performance.

A total of 59 presentations, including 12 posters, were provided at the conference. Although the number of attendees varied with the session and day of week, the attendance averaged approximately 50 people with a substantial fraction of those in attendance representing organizations outside of the U.S.

This book provides detailed documentation describing a portion of the presentations. The editors hope that it will serve as an important record of the meeting, provide an update on the status of x-ray, gamma-ray, and neutron detector technology, and serve as a useful resource for those working in the field.

The Conference Chairs would like to thank the Session Chairs and members of the Conference Program Committees, who offered their time to enlist the involvement of many researchers working in the field. We also express our indebtedness to all authors who contributed to the proceedings, and to the SPIE staff for their excellent cooperation and continuous support during the conference call, organization, and proceedings processes.

Ralph B. James

Larry A. Franks

Arnold Burger

Michael Fiederle

Steve Payne

© (2016) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
} "Front Matter: Volume 9968", Proc. SPIE 9968, Hard X-Ray, Gamma-Ray, and Neutron Detector Physics XVIII, 996801 (23 November 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2258518; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2258518

Back to Top