27 September 2016 HDR video synthesis for vision systems in dynamic scenes
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Abstract
High dynamic range (HDR) image generation from a number of differently exposed low dynamic range (LDR) images has been extensively explored in the past few decades, and as a result of these efforts a large number of HDR synthesis methods have been proposed. Since HDR images are synthesized by combining well-exposed regions of the input images, one of the main challenges is dealing with camera or object motion. In this paper we propose a method for the synthesis of HDR video from a single camera using multiple, differently exposed video frames, with circularly alternating exposure times. One of the potential applications of the system is in driver assistance systems and autonomous vehicles, involving significant camera and object movement, non- uniform and temporally varying illumination, and the requirement of real-time performance. To achieve these goals simultaneously, we propose a HDR synthesis approach based on weighted averaging of aligned radiance maps. The computational complexity of high-quality optical flow methods for motion compensation is still pro- hibitively high for real-time applications. Instead, we rely on more efficient global projective transformations to solve camera movement, while moving objects are detected by thresholding the differences between the trans- formed and brightness adapted images in the set. To attain temporal consistency of the camera motion in the consecutive HDR frames, the parameters of the perspective transformation are stabilized over time by means of computationally efficient temporal filtering. We evaluated our results on several reference HDR videos, on synthetic scenes, and using 14-bit raw images taken with a standard camera.
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Ivana Shopovska, Ivana Shopovska, Ljubomir Jovanov, Ljubomir Jovanov, Bart Goossens, Bart Goossens, Wilfried Philips, Wilfried Philips, } "HDR video synthesis for vision systems in dynamic scenes", Proc. SPIE 9971, Applications of Digital Image Processing XXXIX, 99710C (27 September 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2236940; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2236940
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