20 September 2016 JPSS-1 VIIRS at-launch geometric performance
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Abstract
Following the successful operations of the first Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument on-board the Suomi National Polar‐orbiting Partnership (SNPP) spacecraft since launch in October 2011, a second VIIRS instrument to be on-board the first Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS-1) satellite has been fabricated, tested and integrated onto the spacecraft, readying for launch in 2017. The ground testing, including geometric functional performance testing and characterization, at the sensor level was completed in December 2014. Testing at the spacecraft level is on-going. The instrument geometric performance includes sensor (detector) spatial response, band-to-band coregistration (BBR), scan plane and pointing stability. The parameters have been calibrated and characterized through ground testing under ambient and thermal vacuum conditions, and numerical modeling and analysis. VIIRS sensor spatial response is measured by line spread functions (LSFs) in the scan and track directions for every detector. We parameterize the LSFs by: 1) dynamic field of view (DFOV) in the scan direction and instantaneous FOV (IFOV) in the track direction; and 2) modulation transfer function (MTF) for the 17 moderate resolution bands (M-bands) and for the five imagery bands (I-bands). We define VIIRS BBR for M-bands and I-bands as the overlapped fractional area of angular pixel sizes from the corresponding detectors in a band pair, including nested I-bands within the M-bands. The ground tests result in static BBR matrices. VIIRS pointing measurements include scan plane tilt and instrument-to-spacecraft mounting coefficients. This paper summarizes the pre-launch test results along with anomaly investigations. The pre-launch performance parameters will be tracked or corrected for as needed in on-orbit operations.
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Guoqing Lin, Guoqing Lin, Robert E. Wolfe, Robert E. Wolfe, } "JPSS-1 VIIRS at-launch geometric performance", Proc. SPIE 9972, Earth Observing Systems XXI, 99721L (20 September 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2238804; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2238804
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