14 September 2016 The Venus Emissivity Mapper (VEM) concept
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Based on experience gained from using the VIRTIS instrument on Venus Express to observe the surface of Venus and the new high temperature laboratory experiments, we have developed the multispectral Venus Emissivity Mapper (VEM) to study the surface of Venus. VEM imposes minimal requirements on the spacecraft and mission design and can therefore be added to any future Venus mission. Ideally, the VEM instrument will be combined with a high-resolution radar mapper to provide accurate topographic information, as it will be the case for the NASA Discovery VERITAS mission or the ESA EnVision M5 proposal.
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Joern Helbert, Dennis Wendler, Ingo Walter, Thomas Widemann, Emmanuel Marcq, Gabriel Guignan, Sabrina Ferrari, Alessandro Maturilli, Nils Mueller, David Kappel, Judit Jaenchen, Mario D'Amore, Anko Boerner, Darby Dyar, Gabriele E. Arnold, Suzanne Smrekar, "The Venus Emissivity Mapper (VEM) concept", Proc. SPIE 9973, Infrared Remote Sensing and Instrumentation XXIV, 99730R (14 September 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2237568; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2237568

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