21 October 2016 Laser-induced damage threshold of camera sensors and micro-opto-electro-mechanical systems
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Abstract
The continuous development of laser systems towards more compact and efficient devices constitutes an increasing threat to electro-optical imaging sensors such as complementary metal-oxide-semiconductors (CMOS) and charge-coupled devices (CCD). These types of electronic sensors are used in day-to-day life but also in military or civil security applications. In camera systems dedicated to specific tasks, also micro-opto-electro-mechanical systems (MOEMS) like a digital micromirror device (DMD) are part of the optical setup. In such systems, the DMD can be located at an intermediate focal plane of the optics and it is also susceptible to laser damage. The goal of our work is to enhance the knowledge of damaging effects on such devices exposed to laser light.

The experimental setup for the investigation of laser-induced damage is described in detail. As laser sources both pulsed lasers and continuous-wave (CW) lasers are used. The laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) is determined by the single-shot method by increasing the pulse energy from pulse to pulse or in the case of CW-lasers, by increasing the laser power.

Furthermore, we investigate the morphology of laser-induced damage patterns and the dependence of the number of destructed device elements on the laser pulse energy or laser power. In addition to the destruction of single pixels, we observe aftereffects like persisting dead columns or rows of pixels in the sensor image.
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Bastian Schwarz, Bastian Schwarz, Gunnar Ritt, Gunnar Ritt, Michael Körber, Michael Körber, Bernd Eberle, Bernd Eberle, } "Laser-induced damage threshold of camera sensors and micro-opto-electro-mechanical systems", Proc. SPIE 9987, Electro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications XIII, 99870D (21 October 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2241057; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2241057
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