Translator Disclaimer
This section contains the bibliography, index, and author biographies.



, “Apparatus including optical fiber for fluorescence immunoassay,” US Patent #4,582,809 (April 15, 1986).


Belkerdid M. A., Ghandeharioun N., Brennan B., ““Fiber optic fluid level sensor,”,”153–158 (1986). Google Scholar


Berthold J. W. et al., ““Design and Characterization of a High Temperature Fiber-Optic Pressure Transducer,”,” J. Lightwave Technol., 5 (7), 870 (1987). Google Scholar


Bosselmann T. et al., ““Fiber optic temperature sensor using fluorescence decay time,”,”(1984). Google Scholar


Burns W. K., Optical Fiber Rotation Sensing, Academic Press, Boston (1994). Google Scholar


, “Fiber optic position and shape sensing device and method relating thereto,” US Patent Application Publication 2007/0065077 (2007).


Claus R., Rogowski R. S., (1992). Google Scholar


Culshaw B., Dakin J., Optical Fibre Sensors, I, II, III, and IV 1988–1996 Artech House, Boston Google Scholar


, “Optical Fiber Thermometer,” US Patent #4,576,486 (May 18, 1986).


Du H. H., Pickrell G., Udd E., Baldwin C. S., Benterou J. J., Wang A., (2014). Google Scholar


DePaula R., Berthold J., (1996). Google Scholar


Glisic B., Inaudi D., Fibre Optic Methods for Structural Monitoring, John Wiley & Sons, New York (2007). Google Scholar


Hutley M. C., Diffraction Gratings, Academic Press, London (1982). Google Scholar


Kersey A. D., ““A Review of Recent Developments in Fiber Optic Sensor Technology,”,” Opt. Fiber Technol., 2 (3), 291–317 (1996). Google Scholar


Kingston R. H., Detection of Optical and Infrared Radiation, Springer-Verlag, Berlin (1978). Google Scholar


Kirchhoff G., ““On the relation between the radiating and absorbing powers of different bodies for light and heat,”,” Annalen der Physik, 109 275 (1860). Google Scholar


, “Fiber optic proximity probe,” US Patent #3,327,584 (June 27, 1967).


LaClair R. D., Spillman W. B., Kuhns W. W., ““Long stroke optical fiber linear position sensor for the FLASH program,”,”137–141 (1996). Google Scholar


Lagakos N. et al., ““Microbend fiber-optic sensor,”,” Appl. Opt., 26 (11), 2171 (1987). Google Scholar


, “Fiber optic transducer and method,” US Patent #4,358,678 (November 9, 1982).


Liu J. N. et al., ““Development of a porous polymer pH optrode,”,” Opt. Lett., 17 (24), 1815 (1992). Google Scholar


López-Higuera J. M., Handbook of Optical Fibre Sensing Technology, John Wiley & Sons, New York (2002). Google Scholar


López-Higuera J. M., Jones J., Lopez-Amo M., Santos J. L., 1998–2014 Google Scholar


Mendez A., Morse T. F., Specialty Optical Fibers Handbook, Academic Press, Amsterdam (2007). Google Scholar


, “Differential Fiber Optic Differential Pressure Sensor,” US Patent #4,210,029 (July 1, 1980).


Saleh B. E. A., Teich M. C., Fundamentals of Photonics, John Wiley & Sons, New York (1991). Google Scholar


Scott G. B., Lacklison D. E., ““Magnetooptic Properties and Applications of Bismuth Substituted Iron Garnets,”,” IEEE Trans. Magnetics, 12 (4), 292 (1976). Google Scholar


Spillman W. B., ““Multimode fiber-optic hydrophone based on a Schlieren technique,”,” Appl. Opt., 20 (3), 465 (1981). Google Scholar


Spillman W. B., ““The evolution of smart structures/materials,”,”97 (1992). Google Scholar


Spillman W. B., McMahon D. H., ““Frustrated-total-internal-reflection multimode fiber-optic hydrophone,”,” Appl. Opt., 19 (1), 113–117 (1980). Google Scholar


Spillman W. B., McMahon D. H., ““Multimode fiber optic hydrophone based on the photoelastic effect,”,” Appl. Opt., 21 (19), 3511 (1982). Google Scholar


Spillman W. B., McMahon D. H., ““Multimode fiber optic sensors based on the photoelastic effect,”,”110–114 (1983). Google Scholar


Spillman W. B., Rudd R. E., ““Enhanced performance Faraday sensor,”,”294–304 (1993). Google Scholar


Spillman W. B., Patriquin D. R., Crowne D. H., ““Fiber optic linear displacement sensor based upon a variable period diffraction grating,”,” Appl. Opt., 28 (17), 3550 (1989). Google Scholar


Spillman W. B., ““A ‘smart’ bed for non-intrusive monitoring of patient physiological factors,”,” J. Meas. Sci. Technol., 15 (8), 1614 (2004). Google Scholar


Spillman W. B., ““Statistical mode sensor for fiber optic vibration sensing applications,”,” Appl. Opt., 28 (15), 3166 (1989). Google Scholar


Theocaris P. S., Gdoutos E. E., Matrix Theory of Photoelasticity, Springer-Verlag, Berlin (1979). Google Scholar


Udd E., ““An overview of fiber optic sensors,”,” Rev. Sci. Instruments, 66 (8), 4015 (1995). Google Scholar


Udd E., ““Fiber optic smart structures,”,”884–894 (1996). Google Scholar


Udd E., Fiber Optic Smart Structures,, John Wiley & Sons, New York (1995). Google Scholar


Udd E., Spillman W. B., Fiber Optic Sensors: an Introduction for Engineers and Scientists,, 2nd Ed.John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ (2011). Google Scholar


Villarruel C. A., ““Evanescent wave fiber optic chemical sensor,”,”225–229 (1987). Google Scholar


, “Fiber Optic Sensor Employing Successively Destroyed Coupled Points or Reflectors for Detecting Shock Wave Speed and Damage Location,” US Patent #5,446,278 (August 29, 1995).


Yariv A., Introduction to Optical Electronics,, 2nd Ed.Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York (1976). Google Scholar


Yin S., Ruffin P. B., Yu S. F. T., Fiber Optic Sensors, 2nd Ed.CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL (2008). Google Scholar

Page_134_Rect_1.jpg William B. Spillman, Jr., is a retired Associate Professor of Physics at Virginia Tech. He received his A.B. in Math-Physics from Brown University in 1968 and his M.S. and Ph.D. in Physics from Northeastern University in 1972 and 1977, respectively. Prior to his academic career, he worked as a scientist, research manager, and director of research for Sperry Corp., Geo-Centers, Inc., Hercules, Inc., and the Goodrich Corp., among others. He is the co-author/editor of 7 books and more than 180 technical publications. He also holds 46 US patents. In 1997, he was elected a Fellow of SPIE, and in 2000 he received a SPIE recognition award for his society activities in smart structures and materials. He was elected a Fellow and Chartered Physicist in 2001 and a Chartered Scientist in 2004 by the Institute of Physics in the UK. In February 2006, he received a Lifetime Achievement Award from SPIE for his research and professional activities in smart materials and structures. He has been active in the field of fiber optic sensing since its inception, with numerous publications and patents.

Page_134_Rect_2.jpg Eric Udd is President of Columbia Gorge Research, a company he founded to promote fiber optic sensor technology and its applications. He has been involved in the field of fiber optic sensors since 1977, with fundamental contributions to fiber rotation, acceleration, acoustic, pressure, vibration, strain, temperature, humidity and corrosion sensors. At McDonnell Douglas (1977–1993), he managed over 30 government and commercial programs on fiber optic sensors that resulted in products used on the 777 and other commercial aircraft, launch vehicles, and spacecraft. In 1993, Udd founded Blue Road Research, working on civil structures, oil and gas projects, aerospace, and defense. In January 2006, he began full-time work at Columbia Gorge Research and developed new applications in the electric power and medical fields, as well as aerospace and defense.

Udd has 48 issued US Patents, with additional applications pending. He has written over 150 papers, chaired more than 30 international conferences on fiber sensors, edited textbooks, and contributed many book chapters. He is a McDonnell Douglas Fellow, an SPIE Fellow, and an OSA Fellow. He was awarded the David Richardson Medal by OSA in 2009 for his work on fiber optic sensors and the field of fiber optic smart structures.


Back to Top