Access to eBooks is limited to institutions that have purchased or currently subscribe to the SPIE eBooks program. eBooks are not available via an individual subscription. SPIE books (print and digital) may be purchased individually on SPIE.Org.

Contact your librarian to recommend SPIE eBooks for your organization.
Ebook Topic:
Marginal and Chief Rays
This excerpt gives a succinct explanation of Marginal and Chief Rays.
Online access to SPIE eBooks is limited to subscribing institutions.

Back to Top