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Chapter 2:
Natural Muscle as a Biological System
Editor(s): Yoseph Bar-Cohen
Author(s): Pollack, Gerald H.; Reitz, Frederick B.; Blyakhman, Felix A.; Yakovenko, Olga V.; Dunaway, Dwayne L.
Published: 2004
DOI: 10.1117/3.547465.ch2
Muscle is the natural contractile system that artificial systems attempt to emulate. For proper emulation it is evidently necessary to understand the basic underlying mechanism. In the material that follows, we consider the evidence that muscle is a polymer gel, and that the gel's polymeric filaments contract by a polymer-gel phase-transition. This is an unorthodox conclusion, and we therefore begin by considering the relevant background.
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