The main purpose of this chapter is to give an overview of the current status of the science of 3D imaging, to identify the major challenges currently faced, and to point out the opportunities available for advancing the science. It describes schematically and systematically the main 3D imaging operations currently used and illustrates operations with medical examples. It delineates main concepts without detailing theory and algorithms and attempts to clarify some common misconceptions.
Its intended audience includes developers of 3D imaging methods and software, developers of 3D imaging applications, and clinicians interested in 3D imaging applications. The description assumes some familiarity with medical imaging modalities and a knowledge of the rudimentary concepts related to digital images.
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