Access to eBooks is limited to institutions that have purchased or currently subscribe to the SPIE eBooks program. eBooks are not available via an individual subscription. SPIE books (print and digital) may be purchased individually on SPIE.Org.

Contact your librarian to recommend SPIE eBooks for your organization.
Chapter 2:
Constitutive Characterization of Simple and Complex Mediums
The solution of electromagnetic field problems requires two basic ingredients: the Maxwell equations and constitutive relations. The purpose of the latter is to provide a description of the electromagnetic properties of the medium or material in which the electromagnetic process (be it propagation, radiation or scattering) takes place. Here the focus is on some of the fundamental aspects of the constitutive characterization of both simple and complex mediums, approached through the dual viewpoints of field analysis in the space-time and the space-frequency domains. Subsequently, the topic is illuminated with a succession of case studies relating to mediums with an ever-increasing structural complexity, ranging from the classical vacuum to bianisotropic and nonlinear mediums. Along the way, important mathematical and physical requirements in the formulation of constitutive relations are encountered. A further focus of this chapter is the emergence of special types of constitutive relations from phenomenological models of materials and via the application of homogenization formalisms.
Online access to SPIE eBooks is limited to subscribing institutions.

Back to Top