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Abstract
An optical wave propagating through the atmosphere will experience irradiance (intensity) fluctuations, or scintillation, even over relatively short propagation paths. Scintillation is caused almost exclusively by small temperature variations in the atmosphere, resulting in index of refraction fluctuations (i.e., optical turbulence). Theoretical and experimental studies of irradiance fluctuations generally center around the scintillation index.
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CHAPTER 2
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