The tremendous evolution of the Internet has prompted the microelectronics and telecommunications industries to look at technologies that address the bandwidth, speed, and power consumption required by the Internet. One technology that is emerging as a comprehensive solution to this is integrated photonics, where complexity, reconfigurability, and intelligence are thrusts. Ideally, the best platform for such integration would be based on the same material that permitted the success of microelectronics in the last century, i.e., silicon. Silicon photonics is a technology in which photonics devices are fabricated by using standard silicon technologies.
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