Electro-optic materialselectro-optic materials and devices are critical components of modern information technology (telecommunication—both fiber and wireless; computing; defense; transportation; medical; spectroscopy; and sensing technologies). This is particularly so with the advent of chipscale integrationchipscale integration of electronics and photonics (and also microfluidics, bioanalytical components, etc.). While direct modulated laserdirect modulated laser (DML) and electro-absorptive modulatorelectro-absorptive modulator (EAM) technologies compete effectively with linear electro-optic (Pockels effectPockels effect) modulation devices, the rapid improvement in the material performance of organic electro-optic (OEO) materialsorganic electro-optic materials and novel photon management device architecturesphoton management device architectures (such as those of silicon photonicssilicon photonics, plasmonics,plasmonics photonic crystalsphotonic crystals, and metamaterialsmetamaterials) has generated impressive new performance and application possibilities. For example, integration of OEO materials with silicon nanoslot waveguide devicessilicon nanoslot waveguide devices has permitted voltage–length parametersvoltage–length parameters.
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