The structure and anisotropy of tissues, specificity of light scattering by a particle, and polarization phenomena are described. The major polarization characteristics of polarized light, methods and techniques for its detection, and interactions with a random single scattering medium as a tissue model are presented. The vector equation of radiative transfer theory and Monte Carlo modeling of tissue polarization properties are discussed. This chapter provides certain examples of polarization sensitive studies for tissue phantoms, highly scattering tissues, and whole blood layers.
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