Access to eBooks is limited to institutions that have purchased or currently subscribe to the SPIE eBooks program. eBooks are not available via an individual subscription. SPIE books (print and digital) may be purchased individually on SPIE.Org.

Contact your librarian to recommend SPIE eBooks for your organization.
Chapter 9:
Optical Materials and Fabrication Challenges
Abstract
Fabricating metamaterials from subwavelength-sized meta-atoms becomes increasingly difficult as the operating frequency increases. Various methods can be applied to nanoscale structure fabrication, i.e., assuming we want features that are much smaller than the wavelength and we are operating in the infrared or visible part of the spectrum. In addition, material properties change at higher frequencies, as we saw when discussing the Drude model for a metal, which behaves much more simply above its plasma frequency. Advances in fabrication technologies are ongoing, so just a few more common techniques are presented here. There are many sources of information on these technologies, including those from equipment vendors, which provide more detailed information about what can and cannot be done. In this chapter we have drawn frequently from an excellent paper by Boltasseva and Shalaev, and we note a recent review by Yoon et al.
Online access to SPIE eBooks is limited to subscribing institutions.
CHAPTER 9
18 PAGES


SHARE
Back to Top