Conference Proceedings SPIE has published over 10,500 volumes of Conference Proceedings since 1963, with more than 480,000 papers. Currently, over 350 new Proceedings volumes and over 18,000 new papers are published annually.
Journals The SPIE Digital Library includes all papers published since 1962 in SPIE's peer-reviewed Journals: Advanced Photonics (2019-) Journal of Applied Remote Sensing (2007-) Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems (2015-) Journal of Biomedical Optics (1996-) Journal of Electronic Imaging, co-published with IS&T (1992-) Journal of Medical Imaging (2014-) Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS (2002-) Journal of Nanophotonics (2007-) Journal of Photonics for Energy (2011-) Optical Engineering (1962-) Neurophotonics (2014-)
eBooks The SPIE Digital Library includes more than 350 eBooks in four series, with 25 new titles added annually: SPIE Press Monographs, Tutorial Texts, Spotlight Series, and Field Guides.
The eBooks on the SPIE Digital Library are available only to users from institutions with eBooks subscriptions. Individuals who are not affiliated with subscribing institutions may purchase eBooks on SPIE.org here; click any title to select among the available formats.
Please note that the ability to download ebook content from the SPIE Digital Library is available only to users from institutions with ebooks subscriptions. Individuals who are not affiliated with subscribing institutions may instead purchase ebooks on SPIE.org here; click any title to select among the available print and electronic formats.
What does the "Open Access" icon indicate?
The "Open Access" icon means that the author of the paper paid for it to be accessible to everyone in order to promote knowledge transfer, education, and awareness of technology and industry developments in optics and photonics. A subscription is not required to download an article marked Open Access. To find out more about Open Access publications from SPIE, please click here.
Where can I find the Front Matter for older volumes?
Front Matter for older (2001 and earlier) volumes has not been digitized and published on the SPIE Digital Library. This material may be added in the future.
How can I access Milestone Series papers?
SPIE's Milestone Series is not available on the SPIE Digital Library. You can view the full list of Milestones and purchase print volumes on the SPIE.org website here.
Are there Proceedings that are not included in the SPIE Digital Library?
Some Proceedings volumes are not available in the SPIE Digital Library due to conference cancellation or lack of electronic publishing rights. Please see Proceedings Volumes Not Available Online for a list of these volumes and more information.
What page numbering system is used by SPIE Journals and Proceedings?
SPIE Journals and Proceedings follow an e-First publication model and thus use citation identifiers (CIDs) in place of traditional page numbering. A unique CID is assigned to each paper at the time of online publication, allowing us to build an online journal issue or proceedings volume one paper at a time, while retaining the ability to segment tables of contents by paper type or subject area. Utilization of CIDs allows papers to be fully citable as soon as they are published online, and connects the same identifier to all online and print versions of the publication.
In the SPIE Digital Library, the CID is displayed both within the metadata at the top of the paper's page (just beneath the authors' names), and within the full citation at the bottom of the page. In the full-text PDF file available online and in the printed article, the CID appears on each page of the paper; appended at the end of the CID is a hyphen followed by a consecutive page number. As an example, for the journal article with CID 023407, the PDF or printed pages would carry this page numbering: 023407-1, 023407-2, 023407-3, etc. The hyphen and additional digits should not be used when citing an article.
SPIE Journals use a six-digit CID article numbering system structured as follows:
First two digits (01-12) indicate the issue number, or in the case of single-volume annual journals, the volume number
Middle two digits (01-99) indicate the article type and/or subject area. Current article types and subject areas (the middle two digits of the CID) vary by journal.
Last two digits (01-99) are assigned according to publication order, within that issue and section
Proceedings of SPIE use a seven-digit CID article numbering system structured as follows:
The first five digits correspond to the SPIE volume number.
The last two digits indicate publication order within the volume using a Base 36 numbering system employing both numerals and letters. These two-number sets start with 00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 0A, 0B … 0Z, followed by 10-1Z, 20-2Z, etc.
How can I locate the publication date of record for a Journal article or Conference Proceeding paper?
To find the publication date of record for a Journal article or Conference Proceeding paper, navigate to that article's page and note the date above the title. The date is also included within the paper's citation, which appears at the very bottom of the page.
For Conference Proceedings, please note that the dates at the top of the volume's Table of Contents page indicate the first and last days of that conference -- not the publication date of the papers within that volume. The date within the individual paper's citation is the publication date of record, being the date that the manuscript was published on the SPIE Digital Library.
How can I find out how many times a paper has been cited?
If an article has been cited, then the article page will include a tab labelled "Cited by" which contains information about other works that have cited the article.