1 June 2007 Evaluation of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer special 3.95-micron fire channel and implications on fire channel selections for future satellite instruments
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J. of Applied Remote Sensing, 1(1), 013516 (2007). doi:10.1117/1.2757715
Abstract
The 3.75-micron and 11-micron channels on the polar orbiting NOAA Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) sensors have saturation temperatures of approximately 325 K. They allowed limited successes in estimating the sub-pixel fire temperature and fractional area coverage. The saturation problem associated with the 3.75-micron AVHRR channel greatly limited the ability for such estimates. In order to overcome this problem, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instruments on the NASA Terra and Aqua spacecrafts have both been equipped with a special fire channel centered at 3.95 microns with a specified saturation temperature of 500 K and a spatial resolution of 1 km. We have analyzed more than 40 sets of Terra and Aqua MODIS fire data acquired over different geographical regions, and found that very few fire pixels have the 3.95-micron fire channel brightness temperatures greater than 450 K. We suggest that the saturation temperature of fire channels near 4 microns for future satellite instruments with pixel sizes of about 1 km should be specified at about 450 K or even slightly lower in order to make the channels more useful for quantitative remote sensing of fires. A dual gain approach should also be considered for future satellite fire channels.
Bo-Cai Gao, Xiaoxiong Xiong, Rong-Rong Li, Ding-Yi Wang, "Evaluation of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer special 3.95-micron fire channel and implications on fire channel selections for future satellite instruments," Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 1(1), 013516 (1 June 2007). http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.2757715
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KEYWORDS
MODIS

Satellites

Remote sensing

Flame detectors

Algorithm development

Data acquisition

Sensors

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