9 March 2018 Integrative image segmentation optimization and machine learning approach for high quality land-use and land-cover mapping using multisource remote sensing data
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Abstract
The growing use of optimization for geographic object-based image analysis and the possibility to derive a wide range of information about the image in textual form makes machine learning (data mining) a versatile tool for information extraction from multiple data sources. This paper presents application of data mining for land-cover classification by fusing SPOT-6, RADARSAT-2, and derived dataset. First, the images and other derived indices (normalized difference vegetation index, normalized difference water index, and soil adjusted vegetation index) were combined and subjected to segmentation process with optimal segmentation parameters obtained using combination of spatial and Taguchi statistical optimization. The image objects, which carry all the attributes of the input datasets, were extracted and related to the target land-cover classes through data mining algorithms (decision tree) for classification. To evaluate the performance, the result was compared with two nonparametric classifiers: support vector machine (SVM) and random forest (RF). Furthermore, the decision tree classification result was evaluated against six unoptimized trials segmented using arbitrary parameter combinations. The result shows that the optimized process produces better land-use land-cover classification with overall classification accuracy of 91.79%, 87.25%, and 88.69% for SVM and RF, respectively, while the results of the six unoptimized classifications yield overall accuracy between 84.44% and 88.08%. Higher accuracy of the optimized data mining classification approach compared to the unoptimized results indicates that the optimization process has significant impact on the classification quality.
© 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Mohamed Barakat A. Gibril, Mohammed Oludare Idrees, Helmi Zulhaidi Mohd Shafri, Kouame Yao, "Integrative image segmentation optimization and machine learning approach for high quality land-use and land-cover mapping using multisource remote sensing data," Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 12(1), 016036 (9 March 2018). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.12.016036 . Submission: Received: 10 October 2017; Accepted: 16 February 2018
Received: 10 October 2017; Accepted: 16 February 2018; Published: 9 March 2018
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