10 April 2018 Mahalanobis masking: a method for the sensitivity analysis of anomaly detection algorithms for hyperspectral imagery
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Abstract
The comparison of anomaly detection capabilities within hyperspectral imagery (HSI) often relies on anecdotal evidence from a small collection of truth-labeled images. This can lead to situations where the performance may not extend to real-world operating conditions. To partially remedy this, we propose an approach for measuring the sensitivity of an algorithm to the characteristics of the anomalies present. This approach, known as Mahalanobis masking, creates incrementally more difficult to detect anomalies by decreasing their Mahalanobis distance from the background of the image. The sensitivity of an algorithm to changes in the observed anomalies extends the performance evaluation beyond the limited available truth-labeled images. We present both qualitative and quantitative approaches to algorithm evaluation. In a case study, the value of exposing algorithms to a wider range of anomalies is displayed highlighting previously undiscovered algorithm instabilities.
© 2018 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
Adam J. Messer, Adam J. Messer, Kenneth W. Bauer, Kenneth W. Bauer, } "Mahalanobis masking: a method for the sensitivity analysis of anomaly detection algorithms for hyperspectral imagery," Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 12(2), 025001 (10 April 2018). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.12.025001 . Submission: Received: 11 August 2017; Accepted: 19 March 2018
Received: 11 August 2017; Accepted: 19 March 2018; Published: 10 April 2018
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