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14 November 2019 Assessment of the impact of the 2010 Haiti earthquake on human activity based on DMSP/OLS time series nighttime light data
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Abstract

Earthquake disasters and postdisaster reconstruction have profound impacts on human society. We use time series nighttime light images collected by the defense meteorological satellite program-operational linescan system sensors as a proxy data source for human activities (HAs). After calibration, a time series analysis method is used to study the distribution and intensity of the changes in HAs after an earthquake. We consider the Haiti earthquake an example to analyze the HA sequence patterns and the aggregation patterns of the HA centers. The results show the following: (1) postearthquake recovery and reconstruction efforts led to increases in the long-term HAs, but the level of increased HA was usually low. (2) The level of postearthquake HAs in the most affected areas (seismic intensity zone VIII+) increased, whereas the postearthquake HAs in severely affected areas (seismic intensity zones VI and VII) were more fragmented. (3) The recovery of HAs in seismic intensity zone VIII+ (mainly Port-au-Prince) required 2 years, but the actual time may be far longer.

© 2019 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) 1931-3195/2019/$28.00 © 2019 SPIE
Xue Li, Zhumei Liu, Xiaolin Chen, and Qingxiang Meng "Assessment of the impact of the 2010 Haiti earthquake on human activity based on DMSP/OLS time series nighttime light data," Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 13(4), 044515 (14 November 2019). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.13.044515
Received: 26 June 2019; Accepted: 22 October 2019; Published: 14 November 2019
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